Spain is a country that has so much more to offer than the popular coastal towns along the Mediterranean. Spain is also nature, culture, history, gastronomy, tranquility, adventure and much more.
Between 218 BC and the early fifth century AD, the Iberian Peninsula was ruled by the Romans, called their Hispania. During that time, the Romans brought all their building knowledge to today’s Spain, building large monuments, some of which can still be admired to this day.
1. Augusta Emérita (Mérida, Extremadura)
This Roman settlement was founded in August 25 BC as Augusta Emérita and is now known as Mérida. At the time, this was one of the most important cities of Hispania and even the capital of the province of Lusitania. To this day, Mérida still houses Spain’s most beautiful Roman monuments such as the Templo de Diana, the Aqueduct de los Milagros, the Amphitheater and of course the well-preserved Roman Theater where performances are still performed today.
2. Alcántara brug (Cáceres, Extremadura)
Experts are not quite in agreement yet, but many see the Puente de Alcántara in the province of Cáceres as the most beautiful bridge in Spain. The bridge was built between 104 and 106 AD over the Tajo river and consists of six arches on which the bridge was built with a triumphal arch in the middle, so that the highest point of the bridge is 47 meters.
3. Romeinse theater (Cartagena, Murcia)
At the time of the Romans, Tarraco (Tarragona) was the most important city, but after taking what is now Cartagena, this city was transformed into Carthage Nova and became the main Roman port of Hispania. The history of the city goes back 3,000 years and there are still beautiful Roman monuments to be found such as the Teatro Romano or the Roman Theater, a construction that was built between years 5 and 1 BC and can accommodate 7,000 people.
4. Itálica (Sevilla, Andalusië)
Just 11 kilometers from the city of Seville (in Roman times Hispalis), the remains of the Roman city of Itálica can be visited at the current city of Santiponce. The settlement was founded in 206 BC by Roman General Publius Cornelius Scipio to continue the war against Hannibal and the Carthagenes from there. At the moment, only a small part of the city has been excavated, so there are many more beautiful things hidden underground. Now you can admire the amphitheater that could accommodate 25,000 people, the theater and several houses with beautiful mosaics.
5. Segóbriga (Cuenca, Castilla-La Mancha)
Segóbriga, located near the current village of Saelices in the province of Cuenca, was one of the most important mines where “lapis specularis” was excavated during the Romans, a mineral that the Romans used as glass for the windows because it is transparent. At the moment you can see the mines at this place, but also the theater, a circus and various other constructions.
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